Projects > Open Arts Journal
We are currently working on a special themed issue of the Open Arts Journal
Pompeii: Materiality, Sensuality, and Lived Religion
This peer-reviewed journal issue will bring the cults and sacred landscape of ancient Pompeii into a dialogue with new work in the field of material religion, a research area developed primarily within the discipline of Religious Studies, which has important overlaps with lived religion and sensory studies. The project aims to provide a fresh, interdisciplinary account of Pompeian religion which applies - and contributes to - new theories about the relationship between materiality and the sacred. It will focus on individual case-studies from Pompeii, including temple buildings, cult artefacts, and ritual performances; as well as providing a detailed analysis of their chosen case-studies, contributors will be invited to consider two broader questions. What can the theories and approaches of material religion add to existing understandings of Pompeii? What can studies of Pompeii, in turn, bring to the ‘table’ of material religion?
In the introduction to his Key Terms in Material Religion (2015, Bloomsbury), S. Brent Plate offers the following working definition: “material religion refers to (1) an investigation of the interactions between human bodies and physical objects, both natural and human-made; (2) with much of the interaction taking place through sense perception; (3) in special and specified places and times; (4) in order to orient, and sometimes disorient, communities and individuals; (5) toward the formal strictures and structures of religious traditions.” Ancient Pompeii can be made to speak powerfully to every element of this working definition. Our archaeological evidence includes thousands of ‘things’ that modern people would recognise as related to the ‘sacred’, and many others that could be profitably studied from the perspective of implicit religion. We have cult statues and figurines, wall-paintings decorated with images of priests and deities, graffiti related to cults and rituals, votive offerings, altars, structures associated with temples and sanctuaries, jewellery inlaid with images of gods, and painted shrines from streets and houses. This evidence has been studied relentlessly ever since its discovery, and has generated a huge bibliography across multiple languages. However, traditional archaeological and historical approaches have tended to study these religious buildings, images and artefacts in isolation from the human bodies that built, perceived, and used them - as well as from the changing natural and human-made elements of the surrounding landscape. In turn, there has often been a too-stark boundary drawn between the manifestly ‘religious’ elements of Pompeian life, and those which might be (ahistorically) considered as more ‘secular’.
This themed issue aims to reintegrate the surviving material evidence from Pompeii within the diverse range of lived, multi-sensory contexts in which it was produced and encountered, and to bring a collection of discrete case-studies to bear on current debates about how religion is produced and experienced in and through the material world.